What is Kamancheh?
Kamancheh is one of the oldest stringed instruments in Iran and the middle east. It is evolved type of Robab. The Kamancheh also is called (Persian: کمانچه,) (kamānche or kamāncha) (Azerbaijani: Kamança, Kurdish: کەمانچە, Kemançe).
Kamancheh has a round bowl and a long neck. It has four strings, and like guitar and violin, it tuns with the tuning peg. The bow with which the Kamancheh is played is called the Kaman, and it is the same as it has been replaced by the French word “archet,” meaning small bow, in the violin. The Kamancheh bowls’ shapes and sizes are not fixed and standard yet. The bowls are made of spherical or squeeze cones shape. There is a type of Kamancheh with an open back of the bowl. This type of Kamancheh often makes and plays in the center of Iran and Lorestan.
These Kamanchehs have a solid and clear sound, and because they have a light bowl, it is easier to perform parts that require the Kamancheh to spin quickly.
These Kamanchehs used to have three strings, but these days they gradually have four strings. Open back fiddles are usually made of mulberry wood in one piece.
Traditional Iranian fiddle bowls are usually made of pieces of wood stacked side by side. These pieces of wood are made from 12 pieces to 80 pieces or more.
Kamancheh is one of the main instruments of Middle Eastern music, and the role of the Kamancheh in solo and group playing is significant. The combination of the sounds of several fiddles played together is similar to the sound of a string orchestra in western music. Although the sound of the Kamancheh is a bit nasal sound, this sound is very close to Iranian culture and music.